Installing Arch Linux on the “Le Potato” (AML-S905X-CC) Single-Board Computer

What is “Le Potato”

“Le Potato” is a Raspberry PI clone developed by a company called “Shenzhen Libre Technology Co” also known as “Libre Computer”.

Assumptions and Requirements

This tutorial assumes you are using Arch Linux to format the SD card. If you are familiar with Linux you can probably use a different distro to follow along with this tutorial, but the tutorial will use Arch specific terminology such as “pacman”, and Arch linux package names.

Formatting the SD Card

Insert the SD card into the computer and identifty which device it is. In my case, it was /dev/sdc.

Be careful! Pick the correct drive letter, or else you may erase your hard drive!

You can format the SD card using a tool like “fdisk”. Here is a code snippet to format the SD card correctly:

cat << EOF | fdisk --wipe-partitions always "${DISK}"



The above code snippet will create a partition table with two partitions /dev/sdc1 is the boot partition, /dev/sdc2 is the root of the operating system.

Once you have created the partition table, you need to format the partitions, which you can do like so:

mkfs.vfat "${BOOT}"
mkfs.ext4 -F "${ROOT}"

The SD card is now formatted correctly. If you have trouble following along with this stage of the tutorial, more detailed instructions for formatting the SD card can be found on the Arch Linux ARM website, which you can visit by following this link.

Writing the Content to the SD Card

We will be using the tarball provided by the Arch Linux ARM project for the Raspberry PI 4 (but don’t worry, we are targeting Le Potato).

First, you must download the tarball like so:

wget ""

Once the tarball is downloaded, you must mount the SD card and extract the tarball onto the SD card, which you can do like so:


mkdir -p root
mount "${ROOT}" root

mkdir -p root/boot
mount "${BOOT}" root/boot

bsdtar -xpf ArchLinuxARM-rpi-aarch64-latest.tar.gz -C root

Chrooting into the SD Card Environment

To chroot into the ARM64 environment you will need the “arch‑chroot” cli tool. This tool is available on multiple distros. On Arch Linux, the command to install this tool (if you haven’t already) is:

sudo pacman -S arch-install-scripts

If your computer does not have an ARM64 architexture, you will need to install the qemu‑user‑static‑binfmt package and start the related systemd service, like so:

sudo pacman -S qemu-user-static-binfmt
sudo systemctl start systemd-binfmt

Once you are ready, assuming your SD card is still mounted with the configuration in the previous step, you can “chroot” into it like so:

cd "${ROOT}"
arch-chroot .

You should now be presented with a bash shell in a chrooted environment where you can execute the SD card’s binaries as though you were running the operating system.

If you see “exec format error” then check the status of systemd‑binfmt, it means your system is unable to run ARM64 binaries.

Installing GRUB onto the SD Card

Once you have chrooted into the SD card environment (see previous step) you must install grub onto the SD card like so:

# Necessary upon first use of pacman
pacman-key --init
pacman-key --populate archlinuxarm
# Install GRUB package
pacman -Syu grub
# Install GRUB to the boot sector
grub-install --efi-directory /boot --no-nvram

The above command also updates the system (pacman -u).

Finishing Steps

We are now ready to boot the Le Potato! 😊

Once you have installed GRUB onto the SD card, you may unmount the SD card like so:

umount --lazy root/boot root

You may now insert the SD card into the Le Potato. It will boot as expected.

How to create auto-updating SSL certificates using Certbot and Docker

What is Certbot

Certbot is an free and open-source tool which allows users to create SSL certificates for their website, signed by a trusted authority.

With a trusted SSL certificate, HTTP servers such as Apache and NGINX can serve secure HTTPS content. This provides a layer of encryption which prevents third parties from intercepting information between web-browser and server.

The problem with Certbot

Managing software infrastructure is cumbersome and error prone. Several tools exist to help alleviate these issues (Ansible, Chef, Puppet) although these tools do not abstract away infrastructure completely; differences between environments and operating systems will still cause inconsistencies (RHEL may bundle a particular set of libraries, while Ubuntu bundles another).

The steps for configuring Certbot vary between systems. How to create an agnostic deployment of Certbot with automatic certificate renewal that will function correctly on any system? Enter Docker.

What is Docker

Docker is a containerisation system. That means that it bundles dependencies for an application into a self-contained unit called a container. “If it runs in a container, it will run anywhere”. By bundling Certbot and NGINX into containers, with appropriate configuration, we ensure that we have a portable installation of the latest version of Certbot, regardless of the version available from the repositories of our chosen Linux distribution.

Setting up Certbot in Docker

Step 1: Generating SSL Certificates

mkdir -p ./data/certbot/{conf,www} && \
docker run --rm -it \
    -v `pwd`/data/certbot/conf:/etc/letsencrypt \
    -v `pwd`/data/certbot/www:/var/www/certbot \
    -p 80:80 certbot/certbot certonly

Step 2: Creating an NGINX Configuration

mkdir ./data/nginx && cat << EOF > ./data/nginx/app.conf
server {
     listen 80;
     location /.well-known/acme-challenge/ {
         root /var/www/certbot;
     location / {
         return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
 server {
     listen 443 ssl;
     location / {
         proxy_set_header Host $host;
         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto https;
         proxy_pass http://your_backend;
     ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/;
     ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/;

This NGINX configuration serves your application over HTTPS using the recently generated SSL certificates. Replace “http://your_backend” with the address of the application and “” with your chosen domain name.

Step 3: Creating docker-compose.yml

version: '2'
     image: nginx:1.15-alpine
     command: sh -c 'nginx -g "daemon off;"& while true; do sleep 1200; nginx -s reload; done'
       - 80:80
       - 443:443
     restart: unless-stopped
       - ./data/nginx:/etc/nginx/conf.d
       - ./data/certbot/conf:/etc/letsencrypt
       - ./data/certbot/www:/var/www/certbot
     image: certbot/certbot
     entrypoint: sh -c 'while true; do certbot renew; sleep 1200; done'
       - ./data/certbot/conf:/etc/letsencrypt
       - ./data/certbot/www:/var/www/certbot
     restart: unless-stopped

After creating the docker-compose file, type docker-compose up in the terminal to start the nginx and certbot services.